Dockerized dev database
If because of reasons you have to run Maria/Postgres/Oracle on localhost for development and you often import database dumps into it you probably spend some time waiting for DB to be ready to use. In this post, I’m going to show you how you can automate the whole process and save some time doing it with docker.
Lately, I’ve noticed that team spends a lot of time on dumping development database and restoring it on localhost. I hate waiting for those things and decided to do something about it. I created few scripts which load latest production database dump into MariaDB and build docker image with this data inside. Once the image is created you can push it to the Docker registry. Now instead of waiting for the dump to complete/download and import the whole process is much faster and basically depends on your internet speed.
First things first. As a base for this, I’m going to use official mariadb:10.x image. I’m going to skip database dump process because it will probably be completely different in your organization and I’ll just assume that dump is already next to Dockerfile (but it shouldn’t be any problem to download it during docker build :)). If you are using different database vendor you should be able to implement this idea in it as well :)
We have to start with initializing MariaDB and importing data into it:
Going quickly through what’s happening there:
lines 7:17 initialize and start MySQL database
lines 19:23 change root user password and create a database
lines 25:28 import production data into MySQL instance
line 30 stop MySQL instance
line 34 archive of MySQL data dir
Line 34 was a tricky one. /var/lib/mysql is a docker’s volume, therefore, all data stored inside this directory will be lost while doing docker run. I’m not docker ninja and most of the time I just do docker start and docker stop ;) It forced me to do me some digging. If you cannot do this trick make sure you’ve configured your database to store data outside of sharable volume.
+ du -sh /var/lib/mysql 325M /var/lib/mysql + du -sh default_mysql.tar.gz 84M default_mysql.tar.gz
So with this, I’ll be able to save some LTE transfer :)
Now once we have database populated we can write a script which will boot MySQL instance during docker run:
#!/usr/bin/env bash set -e if [ "$(ls -A /var/lib/mysql)" ]; then echo "Running with existing database in /var/lib/mysql" else echo 'Populate initial db'; tar xpzvf default_mysql.tar.gz fi gosu mysql mysqld
Nothing fancy here. If data is already present do nothing. If data is missing extract previously archived data and start MySQL instance.
Finally, we’ll need Dockerfile which will boundle it all together:
FROM mariadb:10.3.3 ENV MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD root ENV MYSQL_DATABASE mydb EXPOSE 3306 COPY mydb.sql.tar.gz / COPY initialize.sh / COPY startup.sh / RUN /initialize.sh ENTRYPOINT ["/startup.sh"]
And that’s all.
With this, you can quickly restore QA environment to retest things.
If you have some sensitive data in your database it will be a great entry point to replace sensitive data with whatever (or simply remove it). You probably already have some automated process which does production database backup. With DB backup and scheduled Jenkins job you’ll be able to have the latest data available in docker registry. With this restoring database after making mistake in flyway’s migration script will be easier - instead of manually reverting changes or waiting for reimport, you can remove and start the container. Reproducing bugs with production like data should also be a bit easier :) It is nothing fancy here but it has potential to save you some time.
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